Code Of Administrative Offences Of The Russian Federation

NO. 195-FZ OF DECEMBER 30, 2001
(with the Amendments and Additions of April 25, December 31, 2002, June 30, July 4, November 11, December 8, 2003, April 25, 2002)
Adopted by the State Duma on December 20, 2001
Endorsed by the Council of Federation on December 26, 2001

Section II
Chapter 5
Administrative Offences Encroaching Upon Citizens' Rights
Chapter 6
Administrative Offences Endangering the Health and Sanitary-and Epidemiological Well-Being of the Population and Endangering Public Morals
Chapter 7
Administrative Offences in the Area of Property Protection
Chapter 8
Administrative Offenses Concerning Environment Protection and Wildlife Management
Chapter 9
Administrative Offenses in Industry, Construction and Energetics
Chapter 10
Administrative Offenses in Agriculture, Veterinary Medicine and Land Reclamation
Chapter 11
Administrative Offenses on Transport
Chapter 12
Road Traffic Administrative Offenses
Chapter 13
Administrative Offences in the Area of Communications and Information
Chapter 14
Administrative Offences in Business
Chapter 15
Administrative Offences Concerning Finance, Taxes and Fees, as Well as Security Market
Chapter 16
Administrative Offences in Customs Area (Violations of Customs Rules)
Chapter 17
Administrative Offences Encroaching upon State Power Institutions
Chapter 18
Administrative Offences in the Area of Safeguarding the State Borders of the Russian Federation and Treating Aliens and Stateless Persons on the Territory of the Russian Federation
Chapter 19
Administrative Offences against Government Procedures
Chapter 20
Administrative Offenses Encroaching upon Public Order and Security
Chapter 21
Administrative Offenses in Military Registration

Chapter 12. Road Traffic Administrative Offenses


Article 12.1. Driving a Transport Vehicle Which Is Not Registered in the Established Procedure


 Driving a transport vehicle which is not registered in the established procedure or the technical condition of which has not been inspected by appropriate state bodies -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of half the minimum wage.
 Note. A transport vehicle means in this Article a motorcar or a motorcycle whose engine capacity exceeds 50 cc and the maximum speed of which exceeds 50 km per hour, as well as trailers thereto subject to state registration, and it likewise means in other Articles of this Chapter tractors, other self-propelled road building and different machines, trams and trolley-buses.
 A procedure and terms for state technical inspection shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. It is forbidden to conduct a state technical inspection with the help of instruments in an organisation, regardless of the form of ownership thereof, or to conduct a repeated technical inspection of a transport vehicle the technical condition of which has already been inspected in the established procedure, or to demand of the driver, owner or other legal proprietor of a transport vehicle presentation or acquisition of ecological coupons, diagnostics cards, technical cards or other documents which are not provided for by federal laws.

Article 12.2. Driving a Transport Vehicle in Violation of the Rules on Fixing State Registration Plates Thereon


 1. Driving a registered transport vehicle bearing unreadable or non-standard state registration plates, or those which do not meet the requirements of the state standard -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of half the minimum wage.
 2. Driving a transport vehicle which does not bear state registration plates -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of half the minimum wage.
 3. Wittingly fixing false state registration plates on a transport vehicle, as well as driving a transport vehicle which bear wittingly false registration signs -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from five to ten times the minimum wage.
 Note. A state registration plate is regarded as unreadable or as non-standard, if it does not meet the requirements of the state standard.

Article 12.3. Driving a Transport Vehicle by a Driver Who does not have the Documents Provided for by Traffic Regulations with Him


 1. Driving a transport vehicle without the documents entitling him to do so, or registration documents for the transport vehicle, or a policy of compulsory insurance of civil liability of transport vehicles' owners, provided for by Part 2 of Article 12.37 of this Code as well as documents confirming his right to possess, use, or dispose of, the transport vehicle, being driven by him, in the absence of the owner thereof -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of half the minimum wage.
 2. Driving a transport vehicle by a driver who does not have with him, in the cases provided for by the legislation, a license, or travel orders, or commodity-transportation documents -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of half the minimum wage.
 3. Allowing a person, who does not have with him the documents entitling him to drive a transport vehicle, to do so -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of half the minimum wage.

Article 12.4. Violating the Rules on Fixing Devices for Producing Special Light and Sound Signals on a Transport Vehicle


 1. Fixing in the fore-part of a transport vehicle devices with red lights or red light-reflecting appliances -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine on citizens in the amount of from one to two times the minimum wage, and on officials, responsible for operation of the transport vehicle, in the amount of from two to three times the minimum wage.
 2. Fixing on a transport vehicle devices producing special light and sound signals (except for alarm systems) without appropriate authorization, or using such devices on the move, as well as wrongful use of special coloring intended for cars of operative services -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on citizens in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage with or without confiscation of said devices; and on officials, responsible for operation of the transport vehicles, in the amount of from three to five times the minimum wage with or without confiscation of said devices.

Article 12.5. Driving a Transport Vehicle in the Presence of the Defects Thereof or under the Conditions When Operation of Transport Vehicles Is Prohibited


 1. Driving a transport vehicle in the presence of defects thereof or under conditions when, in compliance with the Basic Provisions Concerning the Admittance of Transport Vehicles for Operation and with the duties of officials in respect of ensuring traffic safety, the operation of the transport vehicle is prohibited, -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.
 2. Driving a transport vehicle having brakes(except for a parking brake), a steering system or a hitch bar (when a transport vehicle is part of a train), which are known to be out of order -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from three to five times the minimum wage.

Article 12.6. Violating the Rules on Using Safety Belts or Crash Helmets


 Driving a transport vehicle by a driver whose safety belt is not fastened, or transporting passengers whose safety belts are not fastened, when the design of a transport vehicle provides for safety belts, as well as driving a motorcycle, or transporting passengers on one , without crash helmets or with crash helmets on, which are not fastened -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.

Article 12.7. Driving a Transport Vehicle by a Driver Who Has No Right to Drive the Transport Vehicle


 1. Driving a transport vehicle by a driver who has no right to drive a transport vehicle (except for instructional driving) -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from three to five times the minimum wage.
 2. Driving a transport vehicle by a driver who is deprived of the right to drive a transport vehicle -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from five to eight times the minimum wage.
 3. Allowing a person who is known to have no right to drive a
 transport vehicle (except for instructional driving) or who is known to
 be deprived of such right -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from three to eight times the minimum wage.

Article 12.8. Driving a Transport Vehicle by a Driver in a State of Alcoholic Intoxication, or Allowing a Person in a State of Alcoholic Intoxication to Drive a Transport Vehicle


 1. Driving a transport vehicle by a driver in a state of alcoholic intoxication -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from ten to twenty times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of one year.
 2. Allowing a person, who is in a state of alcoholic intoxication, to drive a transport vehicle -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from ten to twenty times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive a transport vehicle for a term of one year.

Article 12.9. Exceeding the Established Speed Limit


 1. Exceeding the speed limit established for a transport vehicle by from 10 to 20 kilometers per hour -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.
 2. Exceeding the speed limit established for a transport vehicle by from 20 to 40 kilometers per hour -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.
 3. Exceeding the speed limit established for a transport vehicle by from 40 to 60 kilometers per hour -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage.
 4. Exceeding the speed limit established for a transport vehicle by more than 60 kilometers per hour -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from three to five times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of from two to four months.

Article 12.10. Violating the Rules for Crossing Railway Tracks


 1. Driving across a railway track outside a railway crossing, or driving over a railway crossing, when a traffic control barrier is closed or closing, or when traffic lights or a person on duty at the railway crossing prohibit doing so, as well as stopping or parking on a railway crossing -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on the driver in the amount of five times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of from three to six months.
 2. Violating the rules on driving over railway crossings, except for the cases provided for by Part 1 of this Article -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on the driver equal to one minimum wage.

Article 12.11. Violating the Rules of Driving on Highways


 1. Driving on highways a transport vehicle having the speed of less than 40 kilometers per hour due to the specifications or condition thereof, as well as stopping a transport vehicle on a highway outside special parking lots -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.
 2. Driving a lorry, which has a maximum permissible weight of more than 3,5 tons, on a highway along the lanes other than the first and the second ones, as well as instructional driving on a highway -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.
 3. A U-turn or an entry of a transport vehicle in the service gaps of a highway traffic carrigeway, or driving in reverse on a highway -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from three to five times the minimum wage.
 Article12.12. Driving, When Traffic Lights or a Traffic Controller Prohibit It
 Driving, when traffic lights or a traffic controller show that it is prohibited, except for the cases provided for by Part 1 of Article 12.10. of this Code -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.

Article 12. 13. Violating the Rules on Driving over Crossings


 1. Driving over a crossing , or crossing a roadway, when there is a traffic jam which has forced a driver to stop, thus impeding transversal traffic -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.
 2. Failure to meet the requirement of the Traffic Regulations to give way to a transport vehicle having the priority right when driving over crossings -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to two times the minimum wage.

Article 12.14. Violating the Rules of Maneuvering


 1. Failure to meet the requirement of the Traffic Regulations to give a signal before starting to move, or changing lanes, or making a turn, or making a U-turn, or stopping -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.
 2. A U-turn, or driving in reverse, where such maneuvering is prohibited, safe for the cases provided for by Part 3 of Article 12.11 of this Code -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.
 3. Failure to meet the requirement of the Traffic Regulations to give way to a traffic vehicle having priority, safe for the cases provided for by Part 2 of Article 12.13. and by Article 12.17. of this Code -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.

Article 12.15. Violating the Rules of Locating a Transport Vehicle on the Roadside, of Passing Each Other When Driving in Opposite Directions, or of Overtaking


 1. Driving along cycling tracks and walks, or along road shoulders and sidewalks in violation of the Traffic Regulations -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.
 2. Violating the rules of locating a transport vehicle on the roadway, of passing each other when driving in opposite directions, or of overtaking without passing out to the part of the roadway intended for opposite traffic, as well as driving across an organised column of transport vehicles or of pedestrians, or taking place therein -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of two times the minimum wage.
 3. Passing out to the part of the roadway intended for opposing traffic, when it is forbidden by the Traffic Regulations -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from three to five times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of from two to four months.

Article 12.16. Failure to Meet the Requirements of Road Signs or of Road Markings


 Failure to meet the requirements of road signs or of road markings, safe for the cases provided for by other Articles of this Chapter -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.

Article 12.17. Failure to Give Priority in Traffic to a Fixed-Route Transport Vehicle or to a Transport Vehicle Having Special Light and Sound Signaling Devices Turned-On


 1. Failure to give priority in traffic to a fixed-route transport vehicle, as well as to a transport vehicle having a flashing blue light signaling device and a special sound signaling device turned on simultaneously -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage.
 2. Failure to give priority in traffic to a transport vehicle having special exterior coloring, inscriptions and markings, as well as a flashing blue light signaling device and a special sound signaling device turned on simultaneously -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from three to five times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of from one to three months.

Article 12.18. Failure to Give Priority in Traffic to Pedestrians or to Other Traffic


 Failure to meet the requirement of the Traffic Regulations to give way to pedestrians, cyclists or to other traffic (safe for drivers of transport vehicles) -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.

Article 12.19. Violating the Rules on Stopping or Parking Transport Vehicles


 1. Violating the rules on stopping or parking transport vehicles, safe for the cases provided for by Part 1 of Article 12.10. of this Code and Parts 2 to 4 of this Article -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.
 2. Violating the rules of stopping or parking transport vehicles at places intended for stopping or parking transport vehicles of disabled persons -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine on the driver equal to one minimum wage.
 3. Violating the rules of stopping or parking transport vehicles on a pavement and thus causing obstacles for pedestrians -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to two times the minimum wage.
 4. Violating the rules of stopping or parking transport vehicles on the roadway and thus causing obstacles for other transport vehicles, as well as stopping or parking a transport vehicle in a tunnel -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage.
 Note. Where there is a violation of the rules of parking or stopping transport vehicles, or of a procedure for using municipal, commercial or other parking lots, it shall be forbidden to apply locking devices, or to evacuate transport vehicles, or to detain them at parking lots, or to remove registration plates, or to take any other coercive measures which are not provided for by federal law.

Article 12.20. Violating the Rules on Using Exterior Lighting Systems, Horns, A Fault Signaling System or an Emergency Stop Signal


 Violating the rules of using exterior lighting systems or horns, or a fault signaling system, or an emergency stop signal -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.

Article 12.21. Violating the Rules for Transporting Freight, and the Rules of Towing


 1. Violating the rules for transporting freight, as well as the rules of towing -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.
 2. Violating the rules on transporting dangerous, oversized or heavy-weight freight -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on drivers in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of form one to three months; and on officials, responsible for transportation, in the amount of from ten to twenty times the minimum wage.

Article 12.22. Violating the Rules of Instructional Driving


 Violating the rules of instructional driving by a driver who is a driving instructor -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.

Article 12.23. Violating the Rules for Transporting People


 1. Violating the rules for transporting people, safe for the cases provided for by Part 2 of this Article -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.
 2. Transporting people outside the cabin of a lorry (safe for the cases when it is allowed by the Traffic Regulations), of a tractor, of other self-propelled machines, or in a freight trailer, in a caravan, in the body of a freight motorcycle or outside motorcycle seating places provided for by the design thereof -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage.

Article 12.24. Violation of the Traffic Regulations or of the Rules of Operating a Transport Vehicle, Which Has Caused Minor Damage to the Health of the Victim Thereof


 A violation of the Traffic Regulations or of the rules of operating a transport vehicle, which has caused minor damage to the health of the victim thereof -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from five to eight times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of from three to six months.

Article 12.25. Failure to Meet the Requirement to Provide a Transport Vehicle or to Stop a Transport Vehicle


 1. Failure to meet a requirement to provide a transport vehicle to militia officers or other persons, who are entitled to use transport vehicles in the cases, provided by the laws,-
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to two times the minimum wage.
 2. Failure to meet the lawful requirement of a militia officer to stop a transport vehicle -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from two to five times the minimum wage.

Article 12.26. Failure to Meet the Demand to Take a Medical Examination in Respect of Alcoholic Intoxication


 Failure to meet the lawful demand of a militia officer to take a medical examination in respect alcoholic intoxication -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on the driver in the amount of from ten to twenty times the minimum wage or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of one year.

Article 12.27. Failure to Carry Out Duties in Connection with a Road Accident


 1. Failure of a driver to carry out the duties, provided for by Traffic Regulations, in connection with a road accident, of which he is a participant, safe for the cases provided for by Part 2 of this Article -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to two times the minimum wage.
 2. Desertion by a drive, in violation of the Traffic Regulations, of the scene of a road accident, of which he is a participant -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from ten to fifteen times the minimum wage, or deprivation of the right to drive transport vehicles for a term of from six months to one year, or administrative arrest for a term of up to fifteen days.

Article 12.28. Violating the Rules Established for the Movement of Transport Vehicles in Built-Up Areas


 Violating the rules established for the traffic of transport vehicles in built-up areas -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.

Article 12.29. Violating the Traffic Regulations by a Pedestrian or by Any Other Person Participating in Road Traffic


 1. Violation by a pedestrian or by a passenger of a transport vehicle of the Traffic Regulations -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to half the minimum wage.
 2. Violation of the Traffic Regulations by a person driving a motorized bicycle or a bicycle, or by a carter, or by any other person directly participating in road traffic (safe for the driver of a mechanical transport vehicle) -
 shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.
 3. Violation of the Traffic Regulations by the persons, specified in Part 2 of this Article, in a state of alcoholic intoxication -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage.

Article 12.30. Violation of the Traffic Regulations by a Pedestrian or by Any Other Road Traffic Participant, Impeding Transport Vehicle Traffic or Causing Minor Damage to the Health of the Victim Thereof


 1. A violation of the Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian, by a passenger of a transport vehicle or by any other road traffic participant (safe for the driver of a transport vehicle), impeding transport vehicle traffic -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine equal to one minimum wage.
 2. A violation of the Traffic Regulations by a pedestrian , by a passenger of a transport vehicle or by any other road traffic participant (safe for the driver of a transport vehicle) causing minor damage to the health of the victim thereof by negligence -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage.

Article 12.31. Allowing Operation of a Transport Vehicle Which Is Not Registered in the Established Procedure, or Which Has Not Passed a State Technical Inspection, or the Registration Plates of Which Are Known to Be False, or Which Has Defects Making Its Operation Impermissible


 1. Allowing operation of a transport vehicle which is not registered in the established procedure or which has not passed a state technical inspection -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on the officials, responsible for the technical condition and operation of transport vehicles, in the amount of from one to three times the minimum wage.
 2. Allowing operation of a transport vehicle, the registration plates of which are known to be false, or which has defects making its operation impermissible, or which has been re-equipped without appropriate authorization -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on the officials, responsible for the technical condition and operation of transport vehicles, in the amount of from five to ten times the minimum wage.

Article 12. 32. Allowing a Driver, Who Is in a State of Alcoholic Intoxication or Has No Right to Operate a Transport Vehicle, to Drive a Transport Vehicle


 Allowing a driver, who is in a state of alcoholic intoxication or has no right to operate a transport vehicle, to drive a transport vehicle-
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on the officials, responsible for the technical condition and operation of technical vehicles, in the amount of from five to ten times the minimum wage.

Article 12.33. Damaging Roads, Railway Crossings or Other Road Structures


 Damaging roads, railway crossings or other road structures, or technical means of regulating road traffic, as well as willfully impeding road traffic, including the contamination of road surfacing -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on citizens in the amount of from three to five times the minimum wage, on officials in the amount of from five to ten times the minimum wage, and on legal entities in the amount of from fifty to one hundred times the minimum wage.

Article 12.34. Violating the Rules for Repairing and Maintenance of Roads, Railway Crossings or Other Road Structures


 Violating the rules for repairing and keeping roads, railway crossings or other road structures safe for road traffic, or failure to take measures for timely removal of obstacles to road traffic, for prohibiting or restricting road traffic on individual sections of roads, where the use of such sections poses a threat to road traffic safety -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on the officials, responsible for the condition of roads, railway crossings or of other road structures, in the amount of from twenty to thirty times the minimum wage, and on legal entities in the amount of from two hundred to three hundred times the minimum wage.

Article 12.35. Unlawful Limitation of the Rights to Drive a Transport Vehicle or to Operate It


 Taking measures in respect of owners or drivers, or other road traffic participants, aimed at limitation of the rights to drive a transport vehicle or to operate it, which are not provided for by federal law -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on citizens in the amount of from two to five times the minimum wage, and on officials in the amount of from ten to twenty times the minimum wage.

Article 12.36. Impeding Lawful Activities, as Regards Driving, and Operation of, Transport Vehicles


 Locking the wheels of, or evacuating, transport vehicles, trailers and tarpaulins thereto, or removing registration plates, or forcing persons, who have got driving licenses in the established procedure, to take theoretical and practical examinations in driving, as well as taking in respect of owners and drivers of transport vehicles, or of other road traffic participants, any other measures of administrative coercion, safe for those which are directly stipulated by this Code shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on citizens in the amount of from five to ten times the minimum wage, and on officials in the amount of from fifteen to twenty times the minimum wage accompanied by confiscation of the instruments used in committing, and the subjects of, an administrative offence.

Article 12.37. Failure to Meet the Requirements Concerning Insurance of Civil Liability of Transport Vehicles' Owners


 1. Driving a transport vehicle within the period of using it, which is not provided for by a policy of compulsory insurance of civil liability of transport vehicles' owners, as well as driving a transport vehicle in contravention of the condition, provided for by this insurance policy that this transport vehicle may be only driven by the persons indicated in this insurance policy -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of three times the minimum amount of labour wages.
 2. Failure of a transport vehicle's owner to discharge his duty concerning the insurance of his civil liability established by federal law, as well as driving a transport vehicle, where such compulsory insurance has not been willfully carried out -
 shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of from five to eight minimum amounts of labour wages.

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